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How to Start a Hydroponic Garden?

How to Start a Hydroponic Garden?

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I live in a zone where the soil is not perfect to grow plants but I am a green lover and can not live without plant babies. Is there any alternative for me to grow plants in my region? How can I do that?

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You have a genuine problem and the solution is worth it! The soil of some regions of the world is not workable and has poor growth capacity. Still, you have a big option for plantation in the form of hydroponic gardening.

Hydroponic farming is the soilless growth of the plants and they grow in water using a mineral nutrient solution. Although the hydroponic system is quite automated still you have to manage the composition of nutrients and provide the plants with the ideal growing condition. You have to give a controlled environment to the plants and regulate the supply of nutrients in the solution.

In addition to the watering composition and frequency, lighting is one of the major factors in hydroponic farming. You can provide better lighting in a vertical system where plants are not crowded and shade is minimum. Hydroponic farming is a 3-D gardening approach that can be used to grow plants in multilevel growing beds.

6 Ways to start a hydroponic garden

There are many ways to start a hydroponic garden but all of the systems are based on these 6 basic hydroponic systems. So, if you want to start a hydroponic garden, you can use any of these approaches.

Wick system

The Wick system is the simplest and easiest of all and you can easily establish your garden using a wick system as it does not involve any complex or electronic components.

When you have to work on this system, you need a water reservoir, growing tray, growing medium, seedlings, water, and hydroponic fertilizer. First of all, create a water reservoir containing water and nutrients for the growth of plants. This tray will be beneath the tray holding the plants and growing medium. Next, you have to connect wicks to the growing tray. If there is not any hole there, use a drill or screwdriver to make a hole. This will help the plant to draw up water to the growing plants. When you have made this all set up a growing tray by taking medium and seedling. This will be above the water reservoir. When selecting the growing medium for hydroponic gardening, be sure that the medium does not drain too fast and it can work with the capillary action of the system. You can use perlite, vermiculite, or soilless mixes.

If there is enough natural light, that’s great. But if there is a need for lighting, you can use incandescent light bulbs, LED, or fluorescent light.

The deep-water culture system

The water culture system is another simple and easy to make set up especially for beginners. In this system, plants are placed in a Styrofoam tray that floats over the reservoir.

You need a water reservoir, Styrofoam sheet, seedlings in net pots, air stone and pump to make a water culture system. When you have all these things, fill the reservoir with water and nutrients. An important arrangement in the water culture system is air stone. The air stone is just like the bubblers found in the aquarium and its main purpose is to supply oxygen to the water tank. This air stone is connected to the pump outside the water reservoir and pushes the air to distribute oxygen through the tank. When this is done, cut a Styrofoam sheet to float on the reservoir. Make some holes in the sheet and place net pots containing plant seedlings and medium. The net pots are plastic containers that have holes in the bottom. These holes help the roots of growing plants to submerge in the nutrient solution. Manage the light of the set up with incandescent bulbs, LED, or fluorescent light, if necessary.

Drip system

The drip system is one of the most widely used hydroponic systems in the world. In this system, a water submersed pump drips the water to all plants via a drip line. The drip system can be either recovery or non-recovery drip system depending on the reuse of surplus water.

If you want to grow plants through a drip system, you must have a water reservoir, grow tray, air pump and submersible water pump, drip emitters, timer, medium, tubing, and seedlings in pots. The very first thing you have to do is set up a water reservoir with aeration. Fill the container with water and nutrient solution and then place an aerator to oxygenate the water. Next, you have to make the growing tray set up by placing plant pots in a growing tray with drip emitters. Now, connect the submersible pump to the tubing and provide plant roots with the water. Drip emitters will individually water the growing roots or seedlings. Also, connect the pump to the timer so that plants are automatically irrigated several times a day. Like other systems, you can also use bulbs for proper lighting.

Ebb and flow system

An Ebb and flow system is quite versatile but a bit complex in the design. In this hydroponic gardening approach, nutrient water solution is flooded to the growing tray where plants get the required nutrients and extra water is drained back to the reservoir.

When you need to design an ebb and flow system in your garden, you must have a water reservoir, growing tray, fill and drain tube, submersible pump, timer, seedlings in net pots. Make a water reservoir and supply it with water nutrient solution. Set up a growing tray that is a shallow container in which you have to place pots with seedlings. Now, connect the tubes, fill tube, and drain tube, to the reservoir. You have to attach the fill tube to the submersible pump and timer as this tube gives the flow from the water tank to the growing tray. While drain tube floods back the water from the growing tray to the water container. This tube is not connected to any pump and gravity pulls the water in underneath the tub. Manage lighting with incandescent bulbs, LED, or fluorescent bulbs as per your need.

Nutrient film technique

Nutrient film technique is much similar to ebb and flow system that makes it easy to understand its design. In this system, the water solution continuously flows from the reservoir to the growing tray where suspended plant roots absorb nutrients from the solution.

You need a water reservoir, PVC pipe or tube to fit seedlings, fill and drain tube, air stone and pump, submersible pump, and seedings in net pots. Just like all other hydroponic systems, establish a water reservoir system with water nutrient solution and set up aeration with an air stone. Connect the stone with the pump placed outside the tank to oxygenate the water. When this is done, set up the growing tray. You can use a PVC pipe or tube for this purpose. One thing you must not forget is, keep the tube at an angle that makes sure the solution flows directly to the reservoir. Make holes in the pipe to fix the net pots. Now, connect the fill and drain tubes to the growing tray. Unlike the ebb and flow system, there is no need for a timer as the growing tube is not placed straight and the excess water drains back under gravity. Make sure the system is in the proper light.

Aeroponic system

An aeroponic system is a highly efficient hydroponic system to grow plants but it requires highly sophisticated misters and pumps. It is quite advance where the roots are suspended in air and misted every few minutes.

To make an aeroponic garden, you need a water reservoir, tube as a growing tray to fit pots, seedlings in the net pots, submersible pump, air stone, and pump, spray tube, sprayer, or misting head. First, create a water reservoir with a plant growth solution. Aerate the reservoir with a bubbler. The reservoir also acts as a catch basin to collect the misted droplets of the nutrient solution. The solution is supplied to the mister or sprayer via tubing from a submersible pump. The sprayer will moisten the growing roots of the plants and help them absorb nutrients. When this is done, make sure plants are getting proper light. If there is a need for light, you can use incandescent light, LED, or fluorescent bulbs.

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How to Start a Hydroponic Garden?

How to Start a Hydroponic Garden?

bounty icon
$25
Single winner
Asked  2 months ago
Viewed  0 times

I live in a zone where the soil is not perfect to grow plants but I am a green lover and can not live without plant babies. Is there any alternative for me to grow plants in my region? How can I do that?

  • add comment
avatar

You have a genuine problem and the solution is worth it! The soil of some regions of the world is not workable and has poor growth capacity. Still, you have a big option for plantation in the form of hydroponic gardening.

Hydroponic farming is the soilless growth of the plants and they grow in water using a mineral nutrient solution. Although the hydroponic system is quite automated still you have to manage the composition of nutrients and provide the plants with the ideal growing condition. You have to give a controlled environment to the plants and regulate the supply of nutrients in the solution.

In addition to the watering composition and frequency, lighting is one of the major factors in hydroponic farming. You can provide better lighting in a vertical system where plants are not crowded and shade is minimum. Hydroponic farming is a 3-D gardening approach that can be used to grow plants in multilevel growing beds.

6 Ways to start a hydroponic garden

There are many ways to start a hydroponic garden but all of the systems are based on these 6 basic hydroponic systems. So, if you want to start a hydroponic garden, you can use any of these approaches.

Wick system

The Wick system is the simplest and easiest of all and you can easily establish your garden using a wick system as it does not involve any complex or electronic components.

When you have to work on this system, you need a water reservoir, growing tray, growing medium, seedlings, water, and hydroponic fertilizer. First of all, create a water reservoir containing water and nutrients for the growth of plants. This tray will be beneath the tray holding the plants and growing medium. Next, you have to connect wicks to the growing tray. If there is not any hole there, use a drill or screwdriver to make a hole. This will help the plant to draw up water to the growing plants. When you have made this all set up a growing tray by taking medium and seedling. This will be above the water reservoir. When selecting the growing medium for hydroponic gardening, be sure that the medium does not drain too fast and it can work with the capillary action of the system. You can use perlite, vermiculite, or soilless mixes.

If there is enough natural light, that’s great. But if there is a need for lighting, you can use incandescent light bulbs, LED, or fluorescent light.

The deep-water culture system

The water culture system is another simple and easy to make set up especially for beginners. In this system, plants are placed in a Styrofoam tray that floats over the reservoir.

You need a water reservoir, Styrofoam sheet, seedlings in net pots, air stone and pump to make a water culture system. When you have all these things, fill the reservoir with water and nutrients. An important arrangement in the water culture system is air stone. The air stone is just like the bubblers found in the aquarium and its main purpose is to supply oxygen to the water tank. This air stone is connected to the pump outside the water reservoir and pushes the air to distribute oxygen through the tank. When this is done, cut a Styrofoam sheet to float on the reservoir. Make some holes in the sheet and place net pots containing plant seedlings and medium. The net pots are plastic containers that have holes in the bottom. These holes help the roots of growing plants to submerge in the nutrient solution. Manage the light of the set up with incandescent bulbs, LED, or fluorescent light, if necessary.

Drip system

The drip system is one of the most widely used hydroponic systems in the world. In this system, a water submersed pump drips the water to all plants via a drip line. The drip system can be either recovery or non-recovery drip system depending on the reuse of surplus water.

If you want to grow plants through a drip system, you must have a water reservoir, grow tray, air pump and submersible water pump, drip emitters, timer, medium, tubing, and seedlings in pots. The very first thing you have to do is set up a water reservoir with aeration. Fill the container with water and nutrient solution and then place an aerator to oxygenate the water. Next, you have to make the growing tray set up by placing plant pots in a growing tray with drip emitters. Now, connect the submersible pump to the tubing and provide plant roots with the water. Drip emitters will individually water the growing roots or seedlings. Also, connect the pump to the timer so that plants are automatically irrigated several times a day. Like other systems, you can also use bulbs for proper lighting.

Ebb and flow system

An Ebb and flow system is quite versatile but a bit complex in the design. In this hydroponic gardening approach, nutrient water solution is flooded to the growing tray where plants get the required nutrients and extra water is drained back to the reservoir.

When you need to design an ebb and flow system in your garden, you must have a water reservoir, growing tray, fill and drain tube, submersible pump, timer, seedlings in net pots. Make a water reservoir and supply it with water nutrient solution. Set up a growing tray that is a shallow container in which you have to place pots with seedlings. Now, connect the tubes, fill tube, and drain tube, to the reservoir. You have to attach the fill tube to the submersible pump and timer as this tube gives the flow from the water tank to the growing tray. While drain tube floods back the water from the growing tray to the water container. This tube is not connected to any pump and gravity pulls the water in underneath the tub. Manage lighting with incandescent bulbs, LED, or fluorescent bulbs as per your need.

Nutrient film technique

Nutrient film technique is much similar to ebb and flow system that makes it easy to understand its design. In this system, the water solution continuously flows from the reservoir to the growing tray where suspended plant roots absorb nutrients from the solution.

You need a water reservoir, PVC pipe or tube to fit seedlings, fill and drain tube, air stone and pump, submersible pump, and seedings in net pots. Just like all other hydroponic systems, establish a water reservoir system with water nutrient solution and set up aeration with an air stone. Connect the stone with the pump placed outside the tank to oxygenate the water. When this is done, set up the growing tray. You can use a PVC pipe or tube for this purpose. One thing you must not forget is, keep the tube at an angle that makes sure the solution flows directly to the reservoir. Make holes in the pipe to fix the net pots. Now, connect the fill and drain tubes to the growing tray. Unlike the ebb and flow system, there is no need for a timer as the growing tube is not placed straight and the excess water drains back under gravity. Make sure the system is in the proper light.

Aeroponic system

An aeroponic system is a highly efficient hydroponic system to grow plants but it requires highly sophisticated misters and pumps. It is quite advance where the roots are suspended in air and misted every few minutes.

To make an aeroponic garden, you need a water reservoir, tube as a growing tray to fit pots, seedlings in the net pots, submersible pump, air stone, and pump, spray tube, sprayer, or misting head. First, create a water reservoir with a plant growth solution. Aerate the reservoir with a bubbler. The reservoir also acts as a catch basin to collect the misted droplets of the nutrient solution. The solution is supplied to the mister or sprayer via tubing from a submersible pump. The sprayer will moisten the growing roots of the plants and help them absorb nutrients. When this is done, make sure plants are getting proper light. If there is a need for light, you can use incandescent light, LED, or fluorescent bulbs.

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